Posts in General
APPLYING NEXT GENERATION SCIENCE STANDARDS IN THE COBB RESEARCH LABORATORY

Fatimah L.C. Jackson, Ph.D. (fatimah.jackson@howard.edu) Christopher N. Cross, M.S., (chris.cross@bison.howard.edu)


The Cobb Research Laboratory houses two important collections, the W. Montague Cobb Collection and the New York African Burial Ground. Taken together, we have representative bioskeletal and soil samples on African Americans from the 17th, 18th, 19th, and 20th Centuries.  Traditionally, the study of these materials have been limited to the fields of biological anthropology and bioarchaeology; however, scientific breakthroughs in molecular biology, genetics and bioinformatics will allow us to advance these collections and apply next generation science for evidence-based historically contextualized studies. Therefore we plan to utilize computational biology and bioinformatic approaches, in addition to developing highly nuanced databases for the Cobb Research Laboratory. These advancements will promote novel findings and new science standards for future studies of other human skeletal collections.

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USING THE CONTENTS OF THE COBB RESEARCH LABORATORY TO UNDERSTAND TODAY’S HEALTH DISPARITIES

Marisela B. Gomez, M.S., Ph.D., M.D., M.P.H. (mb-gomez@hotmail.com)

The investigation of the Cobb Collection and New York African Burial Ground Collection for patterns of stress-mediated changes in biomedical markers may offer some insight into the existence of health disparities today. Specifically, genetic analysis of the extent of DNA methylation of key genes which code for biological mediators, increased or decreased by stress, would help in understanding potential trans-generational epigenetic phenomena increasing the risk for diminished health outcomes in Afro-descendant people living in the U.S. today. Analysis for epigenetic changes or consistency of genes affecting the physiological pathway of stress in past and present Afro-descendants would help to understand risk factors for current health disparities. 

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THE SOCIOLOGICAL TRADITION OF PUBLIC HEALTH
Samantha R. Obuobi, MPH (Sammie.Obuobi@Yahoo.com)
Public Health is a field that enables health and healthcare dimensions of social structures-which must provide nurturing, equitable and protective support-through public policy education, applied research, and community service.  The primary goal of this field is to advance the overall health and wellness of individuals and populations with a critical focus on the needs and disadvantages of vulnerable populations.  In order to achieve this goal, studies that analyze and evaluate the issues of these populations must be performed.  Without an understanding of the various social, economic and cultural factors that determine an individual’s holistic well-being, healthcare policy will likely fall short of its larger objectives.  Issues involving race, gender, and socioeconomic status (SES) have been proven to be accurate predictors of differential levels of disease, disability, and death in society.[1]  As a result, it can be argued that sociology, which can be defined as a study of the structural and institutional development of the social behavior of human society, serves as one of the foundations of public health.  This paper evaluates this argument by analyzing the critical role social science research has played in the development of the field of public health by examining the unfamiliar contributions of late 19th century premier sociologists, W. E. B. Du Bois and E. Franklin Frazier.
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THE LIFE OF DR. WILLIAM MONTAGUE COBB
Brittney Morning (Brittney.Morning@gmail.com) and Yah Kamei (Yahkamei@gmail.com)
Dr. William Montague Cobb made history when he became the first African American to earn a Ph.D. in anthropology. With degrees in medicine and physical anthropology, he aimed to create a less racialized perspective on human life. His research showed the impact race could have on the heath of a person. This also made him an activist. Cobb was able to show that racism in America had an impact on the health and livelihood of African Americans. By summarizing and analyzing articles on the life and accomplishments of Dr. Cobb, this article introduces Dr. Cobb, discusses his research, and analyzes the impact of his research and the legacy he left behind through his work and activism. 
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SUMMARY OF W. MONTAGUE COBB’S PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY OF THE AMERICAN NEGRO
Jeff Gaillard, M.A. (sprintgaillard@gmail.com)
W. Montague Cobb’s seminal treatise published in 1942 stresses the import of conducting research on the human biology of the African American. In this work he emphasizes the scientific importance of such studies and calls for the engagement of more African American scholars in this research.
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Excerpts from: ANTWANA

Lateef Salahuddin


ANTWANA is a semi-bioautographical love story written by the late Washington DC author Mr. Lateef Salahuddin. The excerpts provided give insight into the life of one segment of the underclass in the Washington DC area. Mr. Salahuddin lived during the time that Dr. Cobb was collecting individuals for the Cobb Collection. By the time of his demise in early 2015, Mr. Salahuddin had overcome drug and alcohol addiction and was moving forward with his literary career.

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Research Abstracts
Applying Next Generation Science Standards In the Cobb Research Laboratory
Forensic Investigation on the Pelvic Anatomy of African American females during the late 19th to mid-20th Century
Hypertension genotypes in an historic African-American population dying from cardiovascular disease, stroke, and renal disorders 75 years ago: Comparison with contemporary hypertension genomes and health disparities
Prevalence and anatomical evidence of Treponemal Infection in the Cobb Collection
Autism in the Cobb Collection
Osteological Markers of Advanced Pulmonary Tuberculosis in the Cobb Collection
Determining the Impacts of Tuberculosis on African Americans 75 Years Ago to Present
Chronic Kidney Disease and its Sequelae within the Cobb Collection: Osteological Lesions and Clinical Record of Evidence
Comparative Lower Limb Anatomy in the Cobb Collection and among Contemporary Age- and Sex-Matched Individuals
The Decline of Black Intellectual Spaces
Society and Space in the Cobb Collection
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